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Musculoskeletal Disorders
When the demand on the body is more than the body can handle, it could result in discomfort or fatigue through work, hobbies, sports and exercises. The body usually can repair itself.  A fatigued muscle can recover 90% in a one-minute rest.  However, if the repeated stresses aren't followed by sufficient recovery and healing time, the effect of the micro-traumas can accumulate to the point of causing pain or injury.
Musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) are injuries and illnesses that affect muscles, nerves, tendons, ligaments, joints or spinal discs. It usually takes a long time to develop and a long time to recover.
Common symptoms include:
  • Back or neck pain
  • Painful joints
  • Pain, tingling or numbness in hands or feet
  • Burning sensation
  • Shooting or stabbing pains in arms or legs
  • Pain in wrists, shoulders, forearms or knees
  • Swelling or inflammation
  • Stiffness
  • Fingers or toes turning white
The symptoms generally start with fatigue or discomfort. It proceeds to pain or burning sensation. When nerves are involved, you will feel tingling and nunbness. We do not know when it switches from one stage to the next. Early intervention is extremely important to minimize the escalation of the problem. If you are experiencing discomfort, report to your supervisor and the Medical Department.
Some examples of Musculoskeletal disorders are:
  • Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
  • Cubital Tunnel Syndrome
  • Tendonitis
  • Medial Epicondylitis (Golfer's Elbow)
  • Lateral Epicondylitis (Tennis Elbow)
  • Tenosynovitis
  • Herniated Disc
  • Thoracic Outlet Syndrome


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